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How do you know that the dog is sick?



How do you know that the dog is sick?

Signs of canine disease


How do you know that the dog is sick?


How do you know that the dog is sick?

         Veterinarians get this question frequently from people wanting to know the signs of their dog's illness, and unfortunately, dogs cannot tell us if they are sick or in pain. So we invite you to discover the symptoms or signs of canine disease and how to behave in this case.


How do I know that my dog ​​is sick?

How do you know that the dog is sick?

       Nobody knows your dog better than you and only you can tell if something fishy is going on in their body.


       The animal cannot express itself in words but, on the other hand, knows how to signal to you that it is ill through abnormal behaviors or obvious symptoms.

         Try not to take too long to find out what your dog is sick, and in his best interest, act as quickly as possible if you find out that he has something.


         Look for the symptoms that can appear on the sick dog, and the signs of the most common diseases that can affect dogs according to each organ of the body, in addition to the so-called “non-specific symptoms”, that is, those common in many diseases, hence the importance of going to the vet for a diagnosis.


         Detecting these symptoms includes observing your dog's behavior in order to see any changes in him. You should note if he is eating and drinking normally, if his stools are more or less abundant, or if he is playing or has visible damage or change in the color of the mucous membranes.


Signs of dog disease in the abdomen


How do you know that the dog is sick?

        Symptoms experienced by a dog with an upset stomach are very common as these animals can easily suffer from digestive issues such as ingestion of droppings, certain medications, infections, food allergies, a small change in diet, intestinal parasites, or simply being afraid of something.


Here are some of the more common symptoms:


·      Vomiting.

·      nausea.

·      diarrhea.

·      Frequent defecation.

·      bloody stools.

·      Anorexia.

·      fever.

·      Idle.

·      Abdominal stiffness.

·      Abdominal pain.

·      Dehydration.

·      Gases.


         Finally, note that symptoms of nausea in dogs are not always easy to spot, because they can be confused with cough symptoms.


For the hard-to-observe symptom as well, vomiting, it is also essential to be able to notice if the dog is vomiting, by a series of abdominal movements, or if the vomit is coming out without any abdominal movements.


Signs of canine kidney disease


How do you know that the dog is sick?

       Another relatively common condition that mostly affects older dogs is one that damages the renal system. Here are some symptoms that indicate a dog has kidney disease:


·      Lose weight.

·      Vomiting.

·      diarrhea.

·      Polydipsia.

·      frequent urination.

·      deterioration of the condition of the hair.

·      dehydration.

·      Oral lesions.

·      Bad breath smell of ammonia.

·      Fever.

·      Pain.

·      Edema of the legs.

·      Edema of the abdomen or chest.

·      Anorexia.


           Kidney failure in dogs can be caused by many things and can be very painful for the animal. Signs of dog disease may vary from sudden (acute kidney failure), chronic, or mild signs that get worse over time. If symptoms appear suddenly, the matter should be considered an emergency and the animal should be taken to the vet.


           Acute kidney failure can be caused by a particular disease of the kidneys or by serious urinary tract problems that affect the kidneys, such as untreated cystitis or stones that block the urinary tract and eventually damage the kidneys.


          Some cases of acute kidney failure are very painful and it is noted that the dog cannot lie down or move normally and walks with stiff claws. But movement difficulties are a sign of pain that can also be seen in joint or bone problems, along with seeing the dog limp, stiff, etc.


Signs of canine heart disease


How do you know that the dog is sick?

         The heart is one of the organs most affected by age. The main problem is that a sick heart does not produce symptoms for a very long period of time, so a dog with a heart problem will not notice symptoms until after the heart condition has significantly deteriorated.


Signs of heart disease in dogs include:

·      behavioral disorders

·      fluid retention;

·      Lose weight.

·      lethargy;

·      rapid breathing;

·      weakness.

·      Unconsciousness.


       A dog with a heart condition can also show symptoms of coughing, especially after exercise, at night or when lying down.


How do you know that a dog has a liver disease?


How do you know that the dog is sick?

      The symptoms or signs of canine liver disease are very non-specific, especially during the early stages of liver failure, which means that they cannot be differentiated from symptoms of other organ diseases. These symptoms can help you recognize your dog's liver disease:


·      Vomiting.

·      Anorexia.

·      diarrhea.

·      Polydipsia.

·      frequent urination.


        However, when the disease progresses and reaches serious stages, the owner of the animal may notice

the following symptoms:


·      Ascites, i.e. accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.

·      Encephalopathy.

·      bleeding;

·      Jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes.


How do you know if a dog is sick with parasites?


How do you know that the dog is sick?

       Both external and internal parasites can cause symptoms that vary depending on the parasite responsible for the disease.


       There are also other symptoms that appear in a dog infected with a parasitic disease that occur as a result of diseases transmitted by some parasites, such as the tick that transmits Lyme disease, some of which may be fatal.


Symptoms of canine parasites include:

·      Fever.

·      lethargy;

·      Anorexia.

·      Pale mucous membranes.

·      Anemia.


       As for fleas, they can also transmit diseases and parasites such as tapeworms or even cause anemia, but the most common symptoms caused by fleas are allergic reactions to flea bite dermatitis (PADD), and animals sensitive to the saliva of this parasite show a skin reaction characterized by alopecia. And lesions, especially in the lumbar and sacral vertebrae.



Signs of cognitive dysfunction syndrome in dogs


How do you know that the dog is sick?

        Finally, older dogs can suffer from a syndrome similar to Alzheimer's disease in humans, and the symptoms of this condition may go unnoticed especially if the animal owner thinks it is simply caused by age. We can notice that the dog's movement has become slow, and that he sleeps a lot, especially during the day, while at night, he feels anxious and nervous.


Signs of canine cognitive dysfunction include:


·      Defecation and urination at home.

·      Stop interacting with the family.

·      Failure to respond to stimuli.

·      Repetition of certain behaviors such as spinning in circles.


       To diagnose this syndrome, a vet must rule out physical causes. As mentioned earlier, kidney problems often lead to increased urination, so urination in the house can have several causes and it does not always mean that your dog has a cognitive impairment, which is why we stress the importance of taking your dog to the vet if you notice any symptoms of canine disease.


Signs of skin disease in dogs


How do you know that the dog is sick?

Signs of rabies with skin disease include:

·      Itching.

·      severe hair loss.

·      Warts.

·      skin irritation.

·      skin redness.


       It is recommended that you see a vet to examine your dog. Additional examinations may be necessary to determine the origin of the symptoms (skin scraping, biopsies, etc.).



How do you act if you think that the dog is sick?


How do you know that the dog is sick?

       Some of the above symptoms require an emergency vet consultation. But in all cases, the owner of the animal should contact the veterinarian and give him as much information as possible. To do this, it is necessary:


·      Taking the dog's temperature: It is normal for the temperature to be between 38 and 39 degrees Celsius.

·      Check his mucous membranes: his eyes turn yellow, for

·      example, a sign of a liver problem.

·      Examine your dog's skin for parasites (flea, louse, tick) or ulcers.

·      Weigh the animal to see if it is experiencing weight loss.

·      Abdominal palpation. If your dog has abdominal stiffness or pain, this could be a sign of an intestinal transit disorder.

·      Tell your vet if there is blood in your dog's stool or urine, and any symptoms that persist for more than 24 or 36 hours.


      While you are performing these procedures, you must keep your animal calm, so as not to cause harm to it. You should also be careful because a dog in pain can have unexpected reactions, such as biting, even if you are the owner he loves very much.


How to protect your dog from diseases?


How do you know that the dog is sick?

      To protect your dog from disease, be sure to do the following:


·      Make sure he gets all his vaccinations.

·      Getting rid of worms.

·      Treat it against fleas and ticks.

·      Feed him high quality food.

·      Consult your vet regularly for health checks.



      A 'routine' blood test is recommended before surgery and for elderly animals.


       Finally, if you notice signs of canine disease, we recommend that you consult your veterinarian, he is likely to perform additional tests (blood test, x-rays, etc.) to determine the diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Early treatment will provide relief for a dog and limit disease progression.